CLP Labelling – What You Need To Know

As a candle manufacturer and supplier, labelling your product correctly is the most crucial element of your business. Not only because failure to do so will see you breaking the law, but an incorrectly labelled product would void your insurance.

The Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation (CLP) stipulates that all new products with hazardous substances must be labelled with the relevant information. CLP information should be supplied with any non-cosmetic product containing a hazardous substance, (most commonly a fragrance or essential oil). Typically found within candles, wax melts, reed diffusers and room mists.

If your product doesn’t contain any hazardous ingredients and is therefore not a classified product, you don’t need to provide any CLP data.

Do you need a CLP flow chart

The wax and wicks used when making candles don’t normally contain hazardous ingredients, although always confirm this with your supplier. All our wicks and waxes do not contain hazardous products and therefore you only need the CLP data for our fragrance oils.

The main implications of fragrance oils are skin and eye irritations and the impact of hazardous substances on our environment. When present at certain concentration levels (normally high) you need to provide health and/or environmental warning statements and their safety pictograms. You are liable for ensuring the correct and accurate information is present. We assist our customers with this by having 5, 10 and 15% CLP labels ready to download for our fragrance oils.

CLP Pictograms

There are 9 images/symbols that you may find on a CLP document, which are also known as hazard pictograms. These are intended to provide information about a substance and the damage this may cause to our health or the environment.

Gas under pressure Symbol: Gas cylinder

Gas Cylinder

What does it mean?

  • Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.
  • Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury.

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Gas containers

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Protect from sunlight
  • Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
  • Get immediate medical advice/attention.

Explosive Symbol: Exploding bomb

Exploding Bomb

What does it mean?

  • Unstable explosive
  • Explosive; mass explosion hazard
  • Explosive; severe projection hazard
  • Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard
  • May mass explode in fire

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Fireworks, ammunition

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Obtain special instructions before use
  • Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
  • Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection
  • Use personal protective equipment as required
  • Explosion risk in case of fire

Oxidising Symbol: Flame over circle

Flame Over Circle

What does it mean?

  • May cause or intensify fire; oxidiser.
  • May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Bleach, oxygen for medical purposes

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes

Flammable Symbol: Flame

Flame

What does it mean?

  • Extremely flammable gas
  • Flammable gas
  • Extremely flammable aerosol
  • Flammable aerosol
  • Highly flammable liquid and vapour
  • Flammable liquid and vapour
  • Flammable solid

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Lamp oil, petrol, nail polish remover

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
  • Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – No smoking
  • Keep container tightly closed
  • Keep cool
  • Protect from sunlight

Corrosive Symbol: Corrosion

Corrosion

What does it mean?

  • May be corrosive to metals
  • Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Drain cleaners, acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, ammoniac

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray
  • Wash…thoroughly after handling
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection
  • Store locked up
  • Keep only in original container

Health hazard/Hazardous to the ozone layer Symbol: Exclamation Mark

Hazard

What does it mean?

  • May cause respiratory irritation
  • May cause drowsiness or dizziness
  • May cause an allergic skin reaction
  • Causes serious eye irritation
  • Causes skin irritation
  • Harmful if swallowed
  • Harmful in contact with skin
  • Harmful if inhaled
  • Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Washing detergents, toilet cleaner, coolant fluid

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray
  • Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area
  • If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
  • If swallowed: call a POISON CENTER or a doctor/physician if you feel unwell
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • If on skin: wash with plenty of soap and water
  • If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lens, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
  • Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

Acute toxicity Symbol: Skull and Crossbones

Skull and Cross Bones

What does it mean?

  • Fatal if swallowed
  • Fatal in contact with skin
  • Fatal if inhaled
  • Toxic: if swallowed
  • Toxic in contact with skin
  • Toxic if inhaled

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Pesticide, biocide, methanol

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Wash… thoroughly after handling.
  • Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
  • If swallowed: immediately call a POISON CENTER or a doctor/physician
  • Rinse mouth
  • Store in a closed container
  • Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
  • Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • If on skin: gently wash with plenty of soap and water
  • Remove/take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
  • Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
  • Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area
  • Wear respiratory protection
  • If inhaled: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
  • Store locked up

Serious health hazard Symbol: Health hazard

Serious Health Hazard

What does it mean?

  • May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
  • Causes damage to organs
  • May cause damage to organs
  • May damage fertility or the unborn child
  • Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
  • May cause cancer
  • Suspected of causing cancer
  • May cause genetic defects
  • Suspected of causing genetic defects
  • May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Turpentine, petrol, lamp oil

Examples of precautionary statements

  • If swallowed: immediately call a POISON CENTER or a doctor/physician
  • Do NOT induce vomiting
  • Store locked up
  • Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • Wash thoroughly after handling.
  • Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
  • Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell
  • If exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
  • Obtain special instructions before use
  • Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
  • Use personal protective equipment as required
  • If exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention
  • Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray
  • In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection
  • If inhaled: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing

Hazardous to the environment Symbol: Environment

Environment

What does it mean?

  • Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
  • Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Examples of where we can find it?

  • Pesticides, biocides, petrol, turpentine

Examples of precautionary statements

  • Avoid release to the environment
  • Collect spillage

What should be on and where should the CLP label be?

The CLP label should be firmly attached to one or more of the packaging’s surfaces and must include the following:

  • The name, address and telephone number of the supplier
  • The nominal quantity of a substance or mixture in packages made available to the general public (unless this quantity is specified elsewhere on the package)
  • Product identifiers
  • Where applicable, hazard pictograms, signal words, hazard statements, precautionary statements and supplemental information required by other legislation.

This article is intended as a guide only. Whilst we have taken every care to ensure the accuracy of the information is current and up to date, Cosy Owl accepts no liability for any inaccuracies as regulations are amended frequently. Please refer to the Candle Federation for updates.

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